University of California San Diego engineers have collaborated with the startup company Nanovision Biosciences to create nanotechnology and wireless electronics that can be used as a retinal prosthesis. The prosthesis is designed to help restore the ability of retinal neurons to respond to light.
This is not the first example of prosthetic retinas. Current retinal prostheses restore vision, but the technology still has its limits under the acuity threshold of 20/200 vision.
With the new UC San Diego–Nanovision technology, the arrays of silicon nanowires sense light and electrically stimulate the retina. The nanowires have a high-resolution that is similar to the spacing of photoreceptors in human retinas. The other part of the technology consists of a wireless device that transmits power and data to the nanowires.