Japanese political parties’ election pledges on key issues

Japanese political parties’ election pledges on key issues

24-Jun-2022 Intellasia |
Mainichi |
5:02 AM

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The following is a comparison of campaign pledges made by major Japanese political parties on key issues for the House of Councillors election on July 10.

(Foreign Policy/Security/Constitution)

Liberal Democratic Party will:

increase defense spending over the next five years with an eye to an amount equivalent to 2 percent or more of GDP in line with NATO members.

enable Japan to acquire a “counterstrike” ability in view of ballistic missile threats from North Korea.

aim to “update” the Constitution at an early date by promoting parliamentary debate and putting a revision proposal to a national referendum.

Komeito will:

work to bolster Japan’s defense capability steadily while keeping to a long-standing exclusively-defense oriented policy.

uphold the long-held three nonnculear principles of not producing, possessing or allowing nuclear arms on its territory.

“consider” the need to add a reference to the Self-Defense Forces in the Constitution.

The Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan will:

prioritise the quality, not size, of the defense budget.

promote defense policy under the Japan-US alliance.

step up parliamentary debate on constitutional reform, oppose the idea of adding a reference to the SDF in war-renouncing Article 9 of the Constitution.

The Japan Innovation Party will:

boost defense spending to 2 percent of more of GDP.

review the policy of keeping Japan’s defense capability to a minimum necessary.

revise Article 9 of the Constitution while upholding pacifism.

The Japanese Communist Party will:

oppose doubling national defense spending, Japan’s acquisition of a counterstrike capability.

oppose revising Article 9 to enable Japan to go to war.

The Democratic Party for the People will:

allow Japan to acquire a strike capability for self-defense.

boost defense spending as needed, review the Japan-US status of forces agreement.

create a new clause in the Constitution to enable an extension to the terms of Diet members in case of contingency, advance debate on whether to revise Article 9.

(Inflation/Economy/Taxation/COVID-19)

LDP will:

take powerful and flexible measures against rising prices of goods and energy.

retain subsidies for oil wholesalers to bring down retail gasoline prices.

increase investment in human resources, ensure economic growth followed by fiscal restoration.

promote vaccinations, domestic development of treatment drugs.

Komeito will:

raise the minimum wage and fix the pay gap between men and women.

increase lump sum childbirth, child-rearing benefits.

aim for the launch of new command centre functions to cope with infectious diseases, similar to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

CDPJ will:

reduce the consumption tax temporarily from the current 10 percent to 5 percent.

revise an agreement between the government and the Bank of Japan to proceed with powerful monetary easing to achieve 2 percent inflation.

boost spending on programmes related to child-rearing to around 3 percent of GDP.

create a “family doctor” system for infectious diseases so proper medical treatment will be provided to people at the risk of developing severe symptoms.

Japan Innovation Party will:

lower the consumption tax.

work on an exit strategy for monetary easing.

keep the corporate tax rate at 15 percent for small and midsize companies.

review the designation of COVID-19 to make it the same as the flu.

JCP will:

immediately cut the consumption tax from 10 percent to 5 percent.

call on major firms and wealthy people to shoulder higher tax burdens.

fundamentally review monetary easing launched under “Abenomics” policy, blamed for accelerating inflation.

strengthen regional health care systems and testing regimes.

DPP will:

ensure stronger wage growth with aggressive fiscal spending and monetary easing.

create a basic-income programme that combines payouts and income tax refunds.

provide 100,000 yen ($730) to households to help counter inflation.

keep the economy going based on scientific evidence while taking steps to curb infections and boost testing.

(Energy)

LDP will:

aim to restart idled nuclear power plants that have passed strict safety standards.

promote maximum use of renewable energy.

Komeito will:

gain consent from local municipalities before restarting nuclear power plants whose safety has been confirmed.

achieve a society that does not rely on nuclear power in the future, boost energy sufficiency.

CDPJ will:

realise carbon neutrality at the earliest possible date before 2050.

oppose construction of new nuclear power plants, restart of existing ones without local consent or proper emergency evacuation plans.

Japan Innovation Party will:

restart existing nuclear power plants that remain offline as soon as their safety is ensured.

promote research and development in the field of small modular reactors, phase out aging nuclear reactors.

JCP will:

strive for the immediate end to nuclear power generation.

cut dependence on coal-fired thermal power generation to zero in fiscal 2030.

DPP will:

strictly enforce the government-mandated 40-year operating limit on nuclear reactors.

allow idled nuclear power plants to resume operation with local consent and emergency evacuation plans.

https://mainichi.jp/english/articles/20220622/p2g/00m/0na/015000c

Category: Japan

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This is not a CAPTIS article. Originally, it was published here.